The U.S. government, which regulates more than 20 chemicals, has issued new rules that could force more than 30 chemical companies to shut down.
The new rules come after more than a year of debate and more than 100 lawsuits alleging that the government’s rules over the nation’s chemical industry are unnecessary and burdensome.
The rules will require companies to keep records on the chemicals they use and their health effects.
And they will require manufacturers to disclose the chemicals that they use.
The regulations, expected to be finalized later this month, would also require manufacturers and wholesalers to obtain federal permits for new chemical plants.
That would be a significant change for the nation, which relies on imports to make up more than 70% of its chemicals used in the manufacture of consumer products.
The chemical industry has long resisted such federal regulation.
Last year, for example, it filed a lawsuit to block the proposed rules.
But the industry has since grown more politically engaged in recent years.
In 2012, after President Barack Obama’s administration announced a new rule that would require companies like Dow Chemical to get federal approval for new plant, the industry’s political arm launched a massive lobbying effort.
That effort included a $100 million attack ad.
The ad claimed that the new rules would be an attack on Americans’ right to choose the products they buy.
The campaign ended up spending $3.5 million.
And last week, President Trump signed an executive order requiring federal agencies to provide greater transparency on their use of chemical additives.
The orders require the Environmental Protection Agency to provide data on the number of chemicals used and how many Americans have been exposed to them.
The agency has so far been reluctant to share that data, citing concerns about privacy.
In addition to the new EPA rules, there are also new requirements in the Trump administration that require the states to make mandatory labeling of chemicals and chemicals for the first time.
The new labeling requirements would require retailers to label chemicals in the same way as food.
States have until 2019 to set rules, and the new regulations come as a result of a lawsuit filed last year by the Center for Biological Diversity and other environmental groups.